Who is Isaiah?
He is a prophet that lived in Jerusalem and prosphesied to the people between 740 BC and 701 BC, not long before Lehi and his family departed for their promised land.
Because his words are filled with symbolism and poetic words, people sometimes find his teachings difficult to understand.
Nephi, however, delights in the words of Isaiah! He included the writings of Isaiah so that he “might more fully persuade his family (and us) to believe in the Lord their Redeemer (1 Nephi 19:23)
In 1 Nephi 20:4 it says “…thou are obstinate and thy neck is an iron sinew”
What does if mean when you hear that phrase?
A sinew is a tendon. just as iron does not bend easily, a prideful person will not bow his or her neck in humility. Many people in the House of Israel were filled with pride.
After reading 1 Nephi 20: 14,16, 20 we discussed what the Lord wanted his covenant people to say and do.
I had several spoons that needed to be scattered.
I had a student hide the spoons around the room.
The class was instructed to find them all.
Just as the spoons were gathered, we have been promised Israel would be gathered.
Israel had been scattered. This was an important subject to Nephi and his family because they were part of this scattering. Jerusalem, their homeland, was wicked and they had to leave.
Why were they scattered?
Elder Bruce R. McConkie of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles:“Why was Israel scattered? The answer is clear; it is plain; of it there is no doubt. Our Israelite forebears were scattered because they rejected the gospel, defiled the priesthood, forsook the church, and departed from the kingdom. …“What, then, is involved in the gathering of Israel? The gathering of Israel consists in believing and accepting and living in harmony with all that the Lord once offered his ancient chosen people. … It consists of believing the gospel, joining the Church, and coming into the kingdom. … It may also consist of assembling to an appointed place or land of worship” (A New Witness for the Articles of Faith , 515).1 Nephi 20: 7-8 a “marvelous work” is mentioned. What is that work? (The restoration of the gospel)
The Lord has promised to restore the gospel and gather Israel in the Latter Days